Good lubrication is absolutely critical for the performance and durability of your car’s engine. This means that you’re going to need to use the right oil for your particular engine as well as the conditions that your car will experience. These are some of the factors you’ll need to consider before deciding which oil to buy.
The viscosity of oil refers to the fluid’s resistance to flow, or simply, how thick it is. Each bottle of oil will have a code on it that refers to the viscosity of the oil. The manufacturer of your vehicle will indicate what viscosity oil you should use in your vehicle. This is different for each type of engine, fuel type as well as temperature where you will be using the vehicle. The code that is given refers firstly to the viscosity of the oil at 0 degrees Fahrenheit and the second number refers to the viscosity at 212 degrees Fahrenheit. The first number that is given is followed by a “W” for winter. So, for example, the code 10W-40 indicates that the oil has a viscosity of 10 at the low temperature and 40 at the higher temperature. When oil gets hot then it gets thinner and loses its ability to properly lubricate your engine. At very low temperatures the oil becomes thicker and doesn’t flow around the engine parts easily resulting in more energy needed to turn the crankshaft.
For winter conditions you would normally need an oil with a 5W rating. Synthetic oils do have properties that are more tolerant to the lower temperatures. If you choose a 5W-20 or 5W-30 oil then you should be fine for most light vehicles and conditions.
You can also go to your local motor spares supplier and ask for an oil additive. These oil additives can improve the properties of the oil and can also assist in things like keeping your engine clean. In all cases make sure that you check your owner’s manual and change your oil regularly.
If you live in an area that experiences very cold winters then you know how important it is to be properly prepared for the cold weather. Your car also needs to be well prepared so that it keeps performing even on those really cold days. Here are a few things you can do to get your car ready for winter.
Cold weather normally results in rain or snow and these can be horrible to experience when you’re driving with the wrong tyres. Get a decent set of tyres with tread that is designed for snow and rainy conditions. Some tyres are also specially designed for low temperatures. Ask your tyre dealer about this.
Your cooling system relies on being able to pump liquid through your radiator to be able to cool the engine. If your car stands in temperatures below freezing then this liquid can freeze. Adding antifreeze to your coolant will prevent this from happening. Never try to save a few bucks by just pouring water into the coolant reservoir.
Check Your Battery
An old battery may be fine during the summer months but those cold days will really test it to breaking point. Get your battery tested and replace it if it seems to be on the edge. It’s far better to spend the money on a new battery than to be stuck in the cold with a car that won’t start.
Check Your Headlights
During the summer months you only use your headlights at night time. During winter you are bound to experience rain, snow and fog that will mean using your lights during the day. Iffy bulbs and faded headlight lenses are going to mean that your car is less visible in poor weather. Go down to your local automotive spares dealer and get replacement bulbs and lenses to ensure that your car remains highly visible during winter. The improved safety is worth spending a bit of money on these simple things. If you don’t want to replace your headlight lenses then you can also just give them a polish. Toothpaste works really well as a rubbing compound. Rub some toothpaste on the lens and then use a buffer to polish it up. You’ll be amazed at how much better the lens will look after using this simple trick.
Check Tyre Pressure
The pressure in your tyres will vary with temperature. You won’t notice this difference on a day to day basis but the difference between the pressure on a warm summer day and a cold winter day can be significant. Make sure that as the days get colder that you check to see that your tyres are still pumped up to the pressure that the manufacturer recommends.
Taking some simple precautions and doing these checks will make a big difference during those cold days. Your car will perform better and will be less likely to leave you stranded on the side of the road. Following these tips will also result in a safer drive for you and your family.
Every person we speak to asks us what the best way is to make their car perform better. Many are especially concerned with being able to achieve higher top-end speeds and acceleration. There are a number of small things that you can do that will combine to provide a car engine that performs better than it did before. Here are some of the things you need to do:
Yes, it sounds boring but simple maintenance of your vehicle is the best way to make sure that you don’t lose any horsepower to begin with. Simply changing your oil regularly as well as your oil and fuel filters are important aspects of making your engine perform at its best. At your regular service the mechanic will also check the timing of your engine. The timing is so crucial to the performance that if it is out by only a little bit then it can lead to reduced performance and increased fuel consumption.
An internal combustion engine relies on the principle of fuel combusting in air. If you increase the airflow into the engine then you’ll see improved performance. The problem is that when the fuel combusts in the engine it also makes a lot of noise. This is why the exhaust systems of a car are designed to reduce the noise. In reducing the noise it can also become restrictive to airflow. If you replace your exhaust system with a high performance, free flow, exhaust then you will have improved engine performance and even a better sound coming from your engine.
If you’ve been down to the drag track or watched movies about street racing then you know the effect that Nitrous oxide can have on a car. Nitrous oxide dramatically increases the flammability of the air fuel mixture and gives the engine a big power boost when it is used. This is a solution that will give you a short term boost and not a permanent improvement though. The modification that is required isn’t particularly expensive but refilling the nitrous tanks can get pricey. car parts is here.
The acceleration and top-end speed that a car has all comes down to power to weight ratio. When comparing two cars it’s not enough just to look at their respective engine sizes or power output. For a car to benefit fully from the horses under the hood it needs to be light. Reducing the weight of a vehicle is hardly ever about getting rid of something big. It’s all about removing as many small unnecessary things as possible so that the cumulative weight of these things makes a big difference. There are some things that you can’t remove and in these cases you need to try and replace them with lighter materials like carbon fibre. Your car seats are usually big contributors to the weight of the car. Replacing these, as well as well as things like your glass windows, will all contribute to an improved power to weight ratio.
Increase Your Engine Capacity
At first this sounds obvious. A bigger engine means more power right? But getting a bigger engine doesn’t necessarily mean taking the old one out and putting another one in. You can use a kit to increase the stroke of the cylinders in your engine. A crankshaft with a longer stroke will mean that your old engine will now have a slightly increased capacity without having to be replaced. This increased stroke will also mean that you engine produces more exhaust gasses. If your engine has a turbo then these increased exhaust gasses will cause your turbo to spin up sooner to give your car a quicker boost with less turbo lag.
Turbos and Superchargers
A great way to improve the power of a car engine is to fit a turbo or a supercharger. These will force more air into the cylinder for higher energy combustion and increased output power. Fitting these automotive spares is not a cheap exercise but the improvement in power is very noticeable.
High Performance Tyres
Speed is not just about how fast you can go in a straight line. Overall speed is also determined by how quickly you can go around corners. The cornering ability of your car is highly dependent on having a decent suspension but the quality of your tyres will also have a big effect.
These are just a few of the things that we suggest our clients do to improve their vehicles performance. Bring your car down to our workshop and we’ll custom design a solution for you.